Basics of Interior Home Lighting Design

November 23, 2021 by No Comments

While interior lighting design is an essential part of interior design, it is often overlooked by DIY decorators. You can’t have a well-decorated house if you don’t implement lighting design basics, no matter how meticulously you arrange, furnish, and accessorize.

You’ll also want to consider the style and feel of your lighting fixtures. Perhaps you would like to match antique-style fixtures with your older home or create a feeling of elegance by using a crystal chandelier. The most important part of selecting fixtures is the second. You will first need to design a plan that meets your lighting requirements.

Add the three home lighting layers: Ambient, Task, and Accent to properly lighten your home.

Ambient Lighting: The First Layer of Home Lighting

General lighting, also known as ambient lighting, is the most basic type of lighting. It is the natural light that comes from your windows and the lighting that replaces it.

These fixtures provide ambient lighting:

  • Ceiling fixtures such as chandeliers and other lights
  • Ceiling fans with light kits
  • Track lighting
  • Recessed ceiling lighting
  • Torchieres
  • Wall sconces provide enough light to illuminate an entire area.

While most people are aware of the importance of ambient lighting, many fail to realize its importance. Ambient lighting is only the foundation. You must then add two additional layers of lighting.

Task Lighting: The Second Layer of Home Lighting

Task lighting is exactly what it sounds like. It’s the light that you need to do tasks such as reading, writing, studying, applying makeup, and so on.

These task lighting fixtures are:

  • Table lamps
  • Desk lamps
  • Swingarm lamps
  • Under counter lights
  • Pendant lights
  • Directed track and recessed lights
  • Vanity lights
  • Adjustable floor lamps

Before you choose task lighting, create a list of all the activities you will perform in each room.

Accent Lighting: The Third Layer of Home Lighting

Accent lighting is often referred to as mood lighting.

Accent lighting can be used to create an atmosphere and influence mood. It also highlights important architectural features and objects and draws attention away to the less pleasing. Accent lighting is the most overlooked of the three types of lighting. It can hide decorating mistakes, but it’s also the most effective.

These are some examples of accent lighting:

  • Can lights and uplights be used?
  • Picture lights
  • Candlelight
  • Directed track and recessed lights
  • Niche lighting
  • Chandeliers with dimmers
  • Wall sconces
  • Lighting inside glass or wire door cabinets
  • Media furniture: Light bridges

Chandeliers and wall sconces are great accent lighting options, especially when they have dimmer switches. Depending on how they are directed, track and recessed lighting can be used as one of the three lighting layers.

Consider how each room should feel when you are planning your accent lighting. Also, consider which elements you would like to emphasize or hide. It would help if you considered the placement of artworks or other beautiful pieces of furniture you would like to highlight. This is your opportunity to view your home as an art piece and to light it accordingly.

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